In England and Wales, blacks are four times more likely to be infected with Covid-19 than whites. The death rate of Bangladeshi and Pakistani men is almost double that of whites and a little more than one and a half times that of women. The data came from a study by The Office of National Statistics (ONS) in the UK’s Office for National Statistics.
Citing research data, The Guardian reports that the coronavirus not only affects people from different communities in terms of wealth, health, education and livelihoods, but also on age, disability and other socio-demographic characteristics. Based on this, the death rate of black people is almost double that of whites so far.
The report highlights the differences in living conditions, economic inequality between blacks and whites, lack of decent housing, overcrowding, poverty, and pre-existing disease.
According to the study, the death rate of Bangladeshis and Pakistanis is 1.6 times higher than that of whites among men. In case of women this rate is 1.6 times more. In addition, the risk of death of people of other ethnic groups, including China, is the same as that of whites.
According to ONS, the study shows that the socio-economic crisis of different ethnic groups is having a partial effect on the mortality rate of Kovid-19. However, there is no explanation yet for the death of the rest.
According to the Guardian, their research last month confirmed that minority groups were at greater risk for coronavirus. In areas of England and Wales where ethnic minorities live, the death rate is much higher.
In the words of Zubaida Haque, deputy director of the thinktank RaniMade Trust, the figures are worrisome. “We cannot ignore racism and inequality,” he said. The issue of housing in particular can be cited as an example. These issues are important. But in the case of Covid-19 risk, these issues are not being held accountable in statistical modeling.
According to the English Housing Survey on Housing, from 2014 to 2016, only 2% of whites lived in overcrowded housing. Among Bangladeshi settlements, the rate is 30 per cent, 18 per cent for Pakistanis and 12 per cent for blacks.
However, the participation of people from those groups is more as a front line fighter in the National Health Service NHS of England. About 21 percent of the workers are from different ethnic groups. They make up only 14 per cent of the population of England and Wales. Unemployment and child poverty rates are much higher among blacks, Bangladeshis and Pakistanis than whites.
Helen Bernard, acting director of the Joseph Roundtree Foundation, said of the research data, “The situation reminds us that even though we are in the same storm, not everyone is in the same boat.”
The first outbreak of the coronavirus from March 2 to April 10 showed how Covid-19 had different effects on different ethnic groups in England and Wales. Issues of health inequality between blacks and ethnic minorities raised concerns. The issues of their heart disease and diabetes in particular created concern.
The statistics show that the risk or death rate for Bangladeshi and Pakistani people is less than that for Indians. The mortality rate of Indian men is 1.3 times higher than that of whites and 1.4 times higher than that of women.
Among Chinese citizens, the male mortality rate is 1.2 times higher than that of whites. Statistics show that only Chinese women have a lower mortality rate than whites.
Wasim Hanif, a professor of diabetes and endocrinology at the University Hospital Birmingham, commented that the ONS’s explanation of the differences in mortality between different groups of people was not sufficient. According to him, the differences in the number of people suffering from other diseases in Britain have not been raised in the ONS statistics. For example, in England, he said, people with Bangladeshi and Pakistani descent have three to four times higher rates of early diabetes than whites. The rate is three times higher for people of Indian descent and twice as high for blacks.